Skeleton Pirate

Skeleton Pirate
Artist: LindaB


Have you experienced, or read about, negative, and even dangerous, side effects from Fosamax (alendronate), Boniva (ibandronate), Actonel (risedronate), and other bisphosphonates prescribed for osteoporosis? If you have, then rest assured there is a safe, effective treatment for this condition. Strontium, primarily in the form of strontium citrate, is taken orally once a day.

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Thursday, September 4, 2014

Therapy for Patients with CKD and Low Bone Mineral Density

Nat Rev Nephrol. 2013 Nov;9(11):681-92. doi: 10.1038/nrneph.2013.182. Epub 2013 Oct 8.

Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have a high risk of bone fracture owing to their low bone mineral density, which resembles that of postmenopausal osteoporosis. However, the mineral and bone disorder associated with CKD (CKD-MBD) is more complex than osteoporosis and the same treatments might not be appropriate. In particular, vascular calcifications are strongly associated with CKD-MBD, and must be taken into consideration. Post hoc analyses of data from pivotal osteoporosis studies suggest that in patients with mild stage 3 CKD and normal parathyroid hormone (PTH), calcium and phosphate measurements, conventional medications for osteoporosis (such as raloxifene, bisphosphonates, teriparatide and denosumab) are effective at reducing fracture rates. However, for patients with stage 4-5 CKD, or those with abnormal PTH and mineral values, the available data are insufficient to determine whether these commonly used medications are effective against fractures. Moreover, all medications used to treat osteoporosis have known or potential adverse effects in patients with CKD. Medicines that increase bone formation by upregulating Wnt signalling have shown promise in patients with osteoporosis and might be used to treat CKD-MBD in the future, but off-target effects could limit their use in in this setting. 

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Wandering Skeleton

Wandering Skeleton
Artist: Joel Hoekstra

Osteoporotic Bone

Osteoporotic Bone

How Strontium Builds Bones

Strontium is a mineral that tends to accumulate in bone. Studies have shown that oral doses of strontium are a safe and effective way to prevent and reverse osteoporosis. Doses of 680 mg per day appear to be optimal. See my "For More Information About Strontium" links section.

Osteoporosis is caused by changes in bone production. In healthy young bones there is a constant cycle of new bone growth and bone removal. With age, more bone is removed and less new bone is produced. The bones become less dense and thus more fragile.

Scientists believe that strontium works in two ways. It may stimulate the replication of pre-osteoblasts, leading to an increase in osteoblasts (cells that build bone). Strontium also directly inhibits the activity of osteoclasts (cells that break down bone). The result is stronger bones.

When taking strontium, be sure to take 1200 mg calcium, 1000 IU vitamin D3, and 500 mg magnesium daily. It is best to take strontium late at night on an empty stomach. Calcium and strontium may compete with each other for absorption if taken together.